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目前显示的是 三月, 2016的博文

春秋时期,行军、布阵、和车战

《春秋·襄公·二十三年》记载了这么一段:

秋.齊侯伐衛.先驅.穀榮御王孫揮.召揚為右.申驅.成秩御莒恆.申鮮虞之傅摯為右.曹開御戎.晏父戎為右.貳廣.上之登御邢公.盧蒲癸為右.啟.牢成御襄罷師.狼蘧疏為右.胠.商子車御侯朝.桓跳為右.大殿.商子游御夏之御寇.崔如為右.燭庸之越駟乘.

看着很没趣的一段记载,仔细读其翻译,觉得很有兴味了:

In autumn, the marquis of Qi invaded Wey. The van of the army was commanded by Wangsun Hui, with Gu Rong as charioteer, and Shao Yang as spearman. The next column was commanded by Ju Heng, with Cheng Zhi as charioteer, and Fuzhi, [son] of Shen Xianyu, as spearman. [In the centre], Cao Kai was charioteer to the marquis, and Yan Furong was spearman. The supporting force was commanded by Xing Gong, with Shang Zhideng as charioteer, and Lu Pugui as spearman. In the left wing, Xiang Pi commanded, with Lao Cheng as charioteer and Lang Qushu as spearman; in the right, Hou Zhao, with Shang Ziju as charioteer, and Huan Tiao as spearman. The army of the rear was commanded by Xia Zhiyukou with Shang Ziyou as charioteer, and Cui Ru as spearman, Zhuyong Zhiyue being in the same chariot.

齐国出兵,阵势是这样的:

先驅: The van of the army
申驅:The n…

秦始皇“焚书”,烧的是什么书?

今天读到《左传·襄公九年》有这么一段:

“子孔當國.為載書.以位序聽政辟.大夫諸司門子弗順.將誅之.子產止之.請為之焚書.”

只听说过秦始皇的焚书,怎么郑国的子产也焚书呢?这里所说的是“載書”,也就是盟书。那么,秦始皇的焚书,是否也主要为了焚烧盟书?春秋战国时期有那么多结盟,诸侯宗庙肯定藏有许多盟书,那么秦始皇焚书主要是烧“载书”,跟子产一样?