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春秋时期,行军、布阵、和车战

《春秋·襄公·二十三年》记载了这么一段:

秋.齊侯伐衛.先驅.穀榮御王孫揮.召揚為右.申驅.成秩御莒恆.申鮮虞之傅摯為右.曹開御戎.晏父戎為右.貳廣.上之登御邢公.盧蒲癸為右..牢成御襄罷師.狼蘧疏為右..商子車御侯朝.桓跳為右.大殿.商子游御夏之御寇.崔如為右.燭庸之越駟乘

看着很没趣的一段记载,仔细读其翻译,觉得很有兴味了:

In autumn, the marquis of Qi invaded Wey. The van of the army was commanded by Wangsun Hui, with Gu Rong as charioteer, and Shao Yang as spearman. The next column was commanded by Ju Heng, with Cheng Zhi as charioteer, and Fuzhi, [son] of Shen Xianyu, as spearman. [In the centre], Cao Kai was charioteer to the marquis, and Yan Furong was spearman. The supporting force was commanded by Xing Gong, with Shang Zhideng as charioteer, and Lu Pugui as spearman. In the left wing, Xiang Pi commanded, with Lao Cheng as charioteer and Lang Qushu as spearman; in the right, Hou Zhao, with Shang Ziju as charioteer, and Huan Tiao as spearman. The army of the rear was commanded by Xia Zhiyukou with Shang Ziyou as charioteer, and Cui Ru as spearman, Zhuyong Zhiyue being in the same chariot.

齐国出兵,阵势是这样的:

先驅: The van of the army
申驅:The next column
【齐侯中军】:[The marquis in the centre]
貳廣:The supporting force
啟:In the left wing
胠: in the right
大殿:The army of the rear

战车的配备:
帅:command
御: charioteer
右:spearman

另外有的战车还有第四个人:
駟乘: in the same chariot


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如何翻译秀才、举人和进士

今天阅读蒲松龄的《聊斋志异》英文版,STRANGE STORIES FROM A CHINESE STUDIO,翻译Herbert Giles,由微软扫描制作的电子图版,非常漂亮。还有Todd Compton扫描录入的电子文本版,也非常全面。还有由LibriVox制作的语音朗读,MP3格式,可供下载,但是只有20篇。

非常有趣的是,“聊斋”一词的翻译,“斋”翻译作书房没错,但据我的理解,“聊”应该作“聊天”解。Herbert Giles直接用Chinese Studio。

读《聊斋志异》第一篇考城隍,Examination for the Post of Guardian Angel,Herbert Giles居然将城隍翻译成Guardian Angel。还有他直接将秀才翻译成graduate,那是大学毕业生。他在注解中给出了秀才、进士、举人的翻译,并且将其对应于学士、硕士和博士学位:

The three degrees of Imperial Civil Examination are literally, (1) Cultivated Talent, (2) Raised Man, and (3) Promoted Scholar.The English equivalents for all kinds of Chinese terms could be bachelor’s degree, Master's degree, and Doctor's degree.

科举考试翻译作Imperial Civil Examination,也可以省却civil。

在北京公主坟半夜等出租车

有一次我在北京公主坟那边,晚上12点钟在等出租车,不知道怎么回事,身旁有一个女的也在等车。她问我去哪里?后来发现她和我是同一个方向,就两个人一起坐出租车,商量好共同付钱,下车以后我把钱给司机,但是那个女的钱给司机,司机却不要。后来司机和我吵了起来,他说车上明明只有一个人,从来没有看到一个女的。这事真怪!网友回复:也许公主坟里的公主蹭了你的出租车。

TG是什么的缩写?

由于网络审查,网民有以“GCD”、“GF”、“土共”、“TG”、“伟光正”、“镰刀锤子帮”等指代中共。TG是“土共”一词拼音首字母的缩写,而且组合起来还很像镰刀锤子,T是锤子,G是镰刀。