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为什么英文词典中JUYZ开头的词少?

大家很熟悉26个英文字母,字典中,为什么有的字母开头的字较多,有的字较少,而以J、U、Y、Z开头的最少?

英文字母来源于拉丁字母,而拉丁字母来源于希腊字母。原来的英文字母不是26个,而是23个!

ABCDEFGHIKLMOPQRSTVWXYZ

英文字母里,I和V同时用作元音和辅音,J和U只是I和V的变体。字母W只是两个V连在一起写。Y和Z只用于希腊语借词。

这就可以解释为什么这几个字母开头的英文词这么少了。


The Latin alphabet acquired the form we're familiar with sometime around the first century B.C. It originally had 23 letters:

ABCDEFGHIKLMOPQRSTVWXYZ

In fact, Y and Z were late additions that were used only for words borrowed from Greek. The letters I and V were used as both consonants and vowels, and J and U were just variant forms of I and V. The letter W was a special ornamental ligature that was used when two V's appeared next to each other. It wasn't until the Renaissance that I and U became consistently used as vowels and J, V, and W as consonants. That gave us the 26-letter Latin alphabet with which we're so familiar today。

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如何翻译秀才、举人和进士

今天阅读蒲松龄的《聊斋志异》英文版,STRANGE STORIES FROM A CHINESE STUDIO,翻译Herbert Giles,由微软扫描制作的电子图版,非常漂亮。还有Todd Compton扫描录入的电子文本版,也非常全面。还有由LibriVox制作的语音朗读,MP3格式,可供下载,但是只有20篇。

非常有趣的是,“聊斋”一词的翻译,“斋”翻译作书房没错,但据我的理解,“聊”应该作“聊天”解。Herbert Giles直接用Chinese Studio。

读《聊斋志异》第一篇考城隍,Examination for the Post of Guardian Angel,Herbert Giles居然将城隍翻译成Guardian Angel。还有他直接将秀才翻译成graduate,那是大学毕业生。他在注解中给出了秀才、进士、举人的翻译,并且将其对应于学士、硕士和博士学位:

The three degrees of Imperial Civil Examination are literally, (1) Cultivated Talent, (2) Raised Man, and (3) Promoted Scholar.The English equivalents for all kinds of Chinese terms could be bachelor’s degree, Master's degree, and Doctor's degree.

科举考试翻译作Imperial Civil Examination,也可以省却civil。

在北京公主坟半夜等出租车

有一次我在北京公主坟那边,晚上12点钟在等出租车,不知道怎么回事,身旁有一个女的也在等车。她问我去哪里?后来发现她和我是同一个方向,就两个人一起坐出租车,商量好共同付钱,下车以后我把钱给司机,但是那个女的钱给司机,司机却不要。后来司机和我吵了起来,他说车上明明只有一个人,从来没有看到一个女的。这事真怪!网友回复:也许公主坟里的公主蹭了你的出租车。

TG是什么的缩写?

由于网络审查,网民有以“GCD”、“GF”、“土共”、“TG”、“伟光正”、“镰刀锤子帮”等指代中共。TG是“土共”一词拼音首字母的缩写,而且组合起来还很像镰刀锤子,T是锤子,G是镰刀。