跳至主要内容

什么才叫幸福?

[这首民歌摘自E.T.C. Werner,Chinese ditties, 有删改。民国以前曾流行于湖北和安徽一带。]

将军打马过田庄

见一公公在路旁

请问公公多少岁

可有儿郎可有女

可有家当并田庄

老汉今年九十九

老妻一百差一双

等到皇上开金榜

明年挂个百岁坊

五个孩儿不学艺

都在朝中伴君王

大儿当朝为宰相

二儿礼部在中堂

三儿云南为总督

礼部天官第四郎

要算五儿年纪小

新科独占状元郎

还有小女十八岁

朝中选去做娘娘

A general, when riding across a farm, saw an old man standing by the roadside. He said to him: "May I ask your age, Sir, your native place, how many sons and daughters you have, and the value of your real and personal property?" "I am ninety-nine this year," he answered, "my wife is a hundred less a couple of years. When the emperor next issues the 'golden list', I will have a p'ai-lou erected to me in honour of my having completed the century. I have five uncultured sons. They are all serving the emperor in the court. The eldest holds the position of Prime Minister ; the second is President of the Board of Rites ; the third has been appointed Viceroy of Yünnan , the fourth is President of the Board of Justice; and the fifth, still a junior, has recently passed first at the Palace Examination. Besides these I have a daughter, eighteen years of age, who has been selected to be the emperor's wife."

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如何翻译秀才、举人和进士

今天阅读蒲松龄的《聊斋志异》英文版,STRANGE STORIES FROM A CHINESE STUDIO,翻译Herbert Giles,由微软扫描制作的电子图版,非常漂亮。还有Todd Compton扫描录入的电子文本版,也非常全面。还有由LibriVox制作的语音朗读,MP3格式,可供下载,但是只有20篇。

非常有趣的是,“聊斋”一词的翻译,“斋”翻译作书房没错,但据我的理解,“聊”应该作“聊天”解。Herbert Giles直接用Chinese Studio。

读《聊斋志异》第一篇考城隍,Examination for the Post of Guardian Angel,Herbert Giles居然将城隍翻译成Guardian Angel。还有他直接将秀才翻译成graduate,那是大学毕业生。他在注解中给出了秀才、进士、举人的翻译,并且将其对应于学士、硕士和博士学位:

The three degrees of Imperial Civil Examination are literally, (1) Cultivated Talent, (2) Raised Man, and (3) Promoted Scholar.The English equivalents for all kinds of Chinese terms could be bachelor’s degree, Master's degree, and Doctor's degree.

科举考试翻译作Imperial Civil Examination,也可以省却civil。

在北京公主坟半夜等出租车

有一次我在北京公主坟那边,晚上12点钟在等出租车,不知道怎么回事,身旁有一个女的也在等车。她问我去哪里?后来发现她和我是同一个方向,就两个人一起坐出租车,商量好共同付钱,下车以后我把钱给司机,但是那个女的钱给司机,司机却不要。后来司机和我吵了起来,他说车上明明只有一个人,从来没有看到一个女的。这事真怪!网友回复:也许公主坟里的公主蹭了你的出租车。

TG是什么的缩写?

由于网络审查,网民有以“GCD”、“GF”、“土共”、“TG”、“伟光正”、“镰刀锤子帮”等指代中共。TG是“土共”一词拼音首字母的缩写,而且组合起来还很像镰刀锤子,T是锤子,G是镰刀。