《詩經·小雅·鹿鳴》 James Legge 翻譯註釋

ODE I. Luh ming.


1. With pleased sounds the deer call to one another,
Eating the celery of the fields.
I have here admirable guests;
The lutes are struck, and the organ is blown [for them];-
The organ is blown till its tongues are all moving.
The baskets of offerings [also] are presented to them.
The men love me,
And will show me the perfect path.

Title of the part. 小雅, 二, “Part II Minor Odes of the Kingdom.' 'Odes of the Kingdom' is not, indeed, a translation of 雅; but the phrase approximates nearer to a description of what the pieces in this and the next part are than any other I can think of. 雅 is explained by 正, 'correct.' Lacharme translates the title by 'parvan Rectum,' adding -- quia in hac parte mores descributur recti illi quidem, qui tamen nonnihil a recto deflectuni.' But the pieces in this Part, as descriptive of manners, are not less correct, or less incorrect, as the case may be, than those in the next. The difference between them is that these were appropriate to lesser occasions, and those to greater. The former, as Choo He says, were sung at festal entertainments in the court; the latter at gatherings of the feudal princes, and their appearances at the



With pleased sounds the deer call to one another,
Eating the southernwood of the fields.
I have here admirable guests,
Whose virtuous fame is grandly brilliant.
They show the people not to be mean ;
The officers have in them a pattern and model.
I have good wine,
Which my admirable guests drink enjoying themselves.
With pleased sounds the deer call to one another, Eating the salsola of the fields. I have here admirable guests.

royal court. The name 'small' and 'great,' 'minor' and ma also to the length of the pieces, and to the style of the music to which they were sung, and which is now lost; but we shall find that in the subject-matter of the pieces there is a sufficient ground for such a distinction. As the Fung, or the compositions in the first Part, were produced in the different feudal states, the Ya were produced in the royal territory. The first twenty-two pieces of this Part are attributed, indeed, to the duke of Chow himself, and are distinguished from those that follow as the odes of 'Chow and the South,' and Shaou and the South' are distinguished from the othere Books of Part I. As there were 'the correct Fung (正風)' and 'the Fung degenerate (變風),' so there are 'the correct Ya,' and 'the degenerate Ya.' It was proper to sing the Ya only on great and on solemn occassion at the royal court; in course of time they were used at the feudal courts, and even by ministers of the States, as in the services of Ke family in Loo in the time of Confucius (Ana III. ii.); but this was a usurpation, a consequence of the decay into which the House of Chow fell.

Title of the Book -- 鹿鳴之什, 二之一, 'Decade of Luh-ming; Book I. of Part II.' The pieces in Pt. I are all arranged under the names of the States to which they belonged. In the Parts, II., III., however, they are collected in tens (什), and classified under the name of the first piece in each collection. The only exception, in respect of the number, is the third Book of Part III.

Ode 1, Allusive. A festival one, sung at entertainments to the King's ministers, and guests from the feudal states. In the piece we read of 'guests' simply, but not of ministers or officers. Ying-tah says the officers became the king's guests, when feasted as the ode describes. On this view the entertainment would not include envoys from States, which it does according to Choo, to the time of king Wen.

L. 1,2, in all the stt. Maou makes yew-yew to be simply the cry of the deer, calling to one another; Choo makes it descriptive of ' the harmony of their cry.' Maou is wrong in identifying 苹 here with 萍, 'duckweed,' -- see on I. ii. IV. 1. The 苹 is, probably as Williams calls it, 'a kind of cellery;' --' with a green leaf, white inside, and stalks like quills, edible both raw and cooked.' 蒿 is, probably the male southernwood. 芩 is described by Maou merely as 'grass.' It is marshy plant, with leaves like the bamboo, a creeper. Cattle generally are fond of it, as well as deer. Wiiliams, says, 'perhaps a kind of salsola.' From the deer browsing happily the writer proceeds to the guests and their entertainment.

St. 1,8-8 鼓瑟, -- as in I.x.II.3. 笙 as 簧, -- see on I. vi. III.1. 筐, as in I. i. III. 1. The baskets here must be supposed to be filled with pieces of silk, or other offerings. 承 -- 奉, 'to bear,' -- 'to bring in.' 將--行, 'to do.' -- 'The presenting of baskets of offerings is performed.' This was part of entertain-

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For whom are struck the lutes, large and small.
The lutes, large and small, are struck,
And our harmonious joy is long-continued.
I have good wine,
To feast and make glad the hearts of my admirable guests.


口袋精灵 Pokemon Go 抛球用完了怎么办?

Pokemon Go,也叫口袋精灵、口袋妖怪、口袋怪兽。日语ポケットモンスター (Poketto Monsutā)是Pocket Mosters的英译, Pokémon是缩写Poketto Monsutā。大陆地区的官方中文名称为“精灵宝可梦”。Poké Ball 宝贝球。我觉“宝可梦”还不如翻译作“宝可萌”,而宝贝球还不如“抛球”更好。口袋怪兽狗的宝贝球看起来很像谷歌浏览器的标志图。

我刚开始玩,扔球技术不好,很快就宝贝球就用完了,尤其是在抓捕战斗力级别CP155的引夢貘人(Hypno)损失了好几个球。然后只能眼睁睁看着怪兽没法抓捕。除了精灵宝可梦商店里购买,不知道还有什么别的方法。开始玩的时候看到有些补给站,但是不知道什么用的。这个游戏根本没有提示说明,点击那个道馆(Gym)就提示你说级别不够,你需要修行到五级才行。但是没有球了,不能抓怪兽,怎么可能升级呢?回来搜索,原来就是到这些补给站(Pokemon Stop)去,转一下那个图片,十有八九会给你甩出三四个宝贝球来。我就特地再一次跑出去补给站转那个圆盘,还甩出几个蛋,于是可以自己孵化小怪兽了。




另外注意到,偏远郊区怪兽是很少的,附近好多Public Footpath, Bridle Path, 转了几圈,没有发现,怪兽大多出现在街角、十字路口出没。




胡金銓(King Hu)执导的电影《侠女》,题材取自蒲松龄的《聊斋志异》,但是改编较多。





这种改编原著的做法也体现在翟理斯(Herbert Allen Giles)的英文翻译里。翟理斯生活在维多利亚时代,当时在英国同性恋还是一种罪行。所以,他在《聊斋》英文版序言里说蒲松龄的有些故事“对我们生活的这个时代是非常不适宜的(turned out to be quite unsuitable for the age in which we live)”。翟理斯干脆就删节了原文,略过了上面引用的同性恋描写,只是说顾生和狐仙建立了深厚的友情:

“The two youths soon struck up a firm friendship and met constantly.”

“She had conceived a violent dislike to the young stranger above-mentioned; and one evening when he was sitting talking with Ku, the young lady reappeared. After a while she got …